Benefits of Natural Gas
Natural gas produces significantly lower carbon emissions for an equivalent energy release compared to any other fossil fuel. In other words, natural gas is the cleanest-burning fossil fuel. You would be surprised to know the myriad uses of natural gas. Natural gas is used mainly for space heating as well as electricity generation in gas-fired power plants. But that is not all. Natural gas is extensively used in sectors such as petrochemicals, glass, and steel. Natural gas is also used as an automotive fuel as an alternative to traditional fuels. Natural gas can be used in three ways to fuel vehicles. Cars can use either Compressed Natural gas (CNG) or Liquefied Compressed Natural Gas (L-CNG), whereas trucks and buses can use CNG or Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG). Another major use of natural gas is as feedstock for producing fertilizers, mainly ammonia. Notably, Bharat Petroleum has a pilot project of Liquefied CNG (L-CNG) station operational in Maharashtra. Interestingly, natural gas converted into ammonia has another potent use that is gaining momentum – as a cleaner marine fuel for decarbonizing shipping. What’s more, natural gas can also be used for producing hydrogen in a low-emission mode using a process called natural gas reforming along with carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), thus priming and kick-starting the futuristic goal of a hydrogen economy with 'blue' hydrogen initially, which would be fueled by 'green' hydrogen eventually.
As Bharat Petroleum shifts gears to accelerate its journey towards a clean-energy future, natural gas acts as a 'bridge' to realizing this goal. With its myriad applications, superb versatility and ease of use, natural gas provides a robust path to walk on in our mission of progress for the nation and care for the planet!
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